2 edition of Democracy in transition. found in the catalog.
Democracy in transition.
Ralph Follen Fuchs
|LC Classifications||JC599.U5 F8|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||x, 105 p.|
|Number of Pages||105|
|LC Control Number||59012884|
Given the absence of any strong leftist threat in Honduras, the United States government paid relatively little attention to it during the s and s. Most of the somethings I met—and especially those from outside of Moscow and St. Although the fact of the elections was a success for the administration, the actual results were not. The contra program began in earnest in as the CIA developed in Honduras what was to become a massive paramilitary infrastructure of training, material support. To the extent the administration did admit that the Salvadoran right was involved in political terror, it argued that the death squads operated outside the security forces and were led by shadowy, unknown figures. The Guatemalan military refused to accept the human rights conditions imposed on U.
During the first half of the s the administration consistently played the role of apologist for the Guatemalan government. At the same time, a number of popular movements, such as labor unions, teacher associations, and student groups, formed and began mobilizing to promote political and economic reforms. They did not want to approve large sums of military assistance for a government involved in political terror. The administration championed the elections as a major advance for the democratization of El Salvador, capitalizing on the elections as a public relations victory in the struggle for congressional and public support The problem of weak congressional support that had plagued the Reagan policy since almost disappeared. Combining theoretical and empirical perspectives, the book contributes towards a better understanding of the disquieting trend of voter apathy and disenchantment with politics in the context of the ongoing process of European integration, and offers a variety of analytical tools for decoding both the emergence of alternative conceptualizations of citizenship and other forms of meaningful civic and political engagement.
The Guatemalan government has come out of the darkness and into the light. The Carter team quietly welcomed the coup and committed itself to supporting the civilian-military junta, in the belief that it represented a nascent but legitimate political center that must be developed against the extremes of the left and right. Many organizations, including church groups, human rights organizations, and nonprofit political advocacy groups with an interest in Latin America, actively lobbied against U. These two works are also notable for what they fail to feature, namely a significant number of other US case studies or practices. In the s and s Honduras experienced some of the same pressures for economic and political reform that provoked armed leftist insurgencies in Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala, but the pressures were much weaker and were contained by a series of military and civil-military governments that were neither democratic nor severely repressive. Jose Napoleon Duarte, the prominent Christian Democratic leader who led the Salvadoran junta inannounced in the first half of that year that elections for a Constituent Assembly would be held in with presidential elections to follow a year or two later.
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The elections were the culmination of the electoral process the administration had been nurturing since and were a critical juncture for both El Salvador and U. With U. In some sense at least, the more the United States tried to bolster what it saw as a democratic government in El Salvador, the more it undercut the legitimacy of that government.
The embassy engineered a compromise in which D'Aubuisson became the president of the Constituent Assembly but a political independent, Alvaro Magana, was given the post of provisional president, with a mandate to rule until national presidential elections were held The chapter, 'The Indian Constitution', says Nepal was a monarchy till recently and the previous constitution of Nepal, adopted inreflected that the authority rested with the King.
While the GND cannot create these networks and practices, it can provide a policy framework to enable their successful development. From dictatorship to democracy: A conceptual framework for liberation 3rd ed. A number of junior military officers were increasingly concerned by the rising civil conflict and the government's inflexible response.
In a country where destitution is the norm and private avenues to wealth are rare, politics becomes an entrepreneurial vocation, virtually the sole means of material and social advancement for those not born into wealth and prestige.
The volume is divided into three interrelated parts: Part I consists of critical essays in the form of theoretical approaches to analysing weakening political participation and citizen estrangement; Part II is dedicated to an exploration of the role and deployment of technologically advanced media, such as the internet, as determinants of changing patterns of political participationist behaviour.
He persuades some of the more open-minded scholars in his orbit to accept sexual identity as a subject worthy of study. In the s, a number of more clearly ideologically based guerrilla groups formed and began waging a prolonged "popular" war against the military government.
In the s and s Honduras experienced some of the same pressures for economic and political reform that provoked armed leftist insurgencies in Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala, but the pressures were much weaker and were contained by a series of military and civil-military governments that were neither democratic nor severely repressive.
While they enable the expression of more deeply democratic values, they ultimately reflect and animate the political and socio-economic values participants bring to them. The moderates, however, backed the electoral process strongly The administration, or at least the moderates in the administration, did not want just any elected civilian president, they wanted a moderate.
Civilian rule also puts the military out of the direct line of blame for terrible socioeconomic problems of the country and helps El Salvador maintain a certain legitimacy in the international community.
Rather it was Haitian historical dictatorship vs. From dictatorship to democracy: A conceptual framework for liberation 1st English language ed. For those with little memory of the privations of the socialist system, and who had experienced the Gorbachev and Yeltsin period primarily as a time of political chaos and economic upheaval, such seemingly paradoxical positions made perfect sense.
The generations shaped by Stalinist terror and Brezhnevite stasis were now giving way to a younger, more confident cohort. Congress who were unlikely to approve large amounts of military assistance unless there were clear signs of political progress in El Salvador. The civil war intensified furiously.
In El Salvador, it rapidly became evident that the war was not going to be a short, decisive campaign but instead a messy, protracted struggle that would require a long-term, steady commitment from the United States.
Yet the administration's human rights policy was extremely weak. The coup was the work of a group of junior officers who were concerned that the Guatemalan military leadership was blind to the lessons for Central American militaries in the fall of Somoza in Nicaragua. The junior officers were dissatisfied with the terror-based tactics and the absence of a positive political program in Lucas Garcia's war-fighting strategy.
President Carter hurriedly restored U. They did not want to approve large sums of military assistance for a government involved in political terror. Nonetheless, it is evident that in terms of promoting democracy, the Reagan administration's policy was seriously flawed.
News and World Report and Newsweek from to Nepal had witnessed several popular movements for democracy. Nonetheless, the Hall contribution remains somewhat disconnected from the programmatic chapters that often take the main stage in the book.Get this from a library! Democracy in transition: political participation in the European Union.
[Kyriakos N Dēmētriou;] -- "The papers in this collection, written by a cross-regional group of experts, provide insights into the causes of declining levels of citizen participation and other distinct forms of civic activism. Jan 08, · Beyond federal legislation and action, the fight for a just transition and for economic democracy in the US will hinge on the strength of place-based networks and regimes like those outlined in these two books.
While the GND cannot create these networks and practices, it can provide a policy framework to enable their successful development. However, after two decades of democratic transition, South Korea still does not have a strong liberal, individualist culture – something that has brought about a wide range of scholarly discussion on the nature of democracy practised in this dynamic country.
day national seminar on “Election Transition to Democracy” during April May 01, The experts in their papers called for a pledge to promote more research on democracy related issues and urged the authorities to strengthen local body system, contain role of military in political affairs and.
The papers in this collection, written by a cross-regional group of experts, provide insights into the causes of declining levels of citizen participation and other distinct forms of civic activism in Europe and explore a range of factors contributing to apathy and eventually disengagement from.
Apr 28, · The Military Transition: Democratic Reform of the Armed Forces by Narcis Serra. Cambridge University Press,pp. Since the early s—with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the flourishing of democratic regimes in Latin America—social scientists have sought to articulate the factors required for a successful transition from an authoritarian to a democratic government.